Culture of Gujarat

History of stepwell

types of stepwell

What is it:

Vav is like a kind of well.  Its water can be used for drinking.  Vav has a side well.  Which contains abyssal water.  Instead of using a rope to drink and fill this water, steps and beds are kept on one side so that it can go to the surface of the water.  Which is from the surface of the ground to the surface of the water in the well.  Four pillars are arranged on a large platform and a roof is placed on top of it.  It is called Koot.  These cobbled columns and Vavni wall are artistically carved with different sculptures

  In Sanskrit literature, the word Vapi or Vapika is used for Vav,

  In folklore it is called Vavdi and in English it is called Stepwell (well with steps).

 Vav can also be called a deep kund.  In South India, Kalyan Vapi is a well that is wide from top to bottom and narrow from bottom to top.  South India has stepped wells.

Types of step well:

 There are different types of Vav.  The four types of sowing are divided according to the different characteristics of the four types of sowing shown in the texts of Shilpashastra as well as Vastuvidya.  Differences are made on the basis of the main entrance and the number of feet.  In which

  1.   Nanda type Vav- This type of Vav has one mouth and one foot.
  2.  Bhadra type Vav- Vav with two mouths and six feet is called Bhadra type Vav.
  3.  Jaya type Vav- Jaya type Vav has three mouths and nine feet.  Vav Jaya of Adalaj is kind.
  4. Vijaya type Vav – Vijaya type Vav has four mouths and 12 feet

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