India’s cultural unity is at the root of Kakla’s diversity. There is scope for the creative power in our national culture. The greatest gift of folk art is to give unconditional joy to all.
Antiquity of the word ‘folk’:
The word ‘Lok’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Lok Darshan’.
Is formed by suffixing. This metal means ‘to see’. The other masculine singular form in the ‘l car’ is Lokte. Thus, the word ‘folk’ means – ‘to see’. The whole thing that people do is called ‘folk’, the word ‘folk’ is very ancient. “
The word folk means:
There are many meanings of the word “folk” in the dictionary, out of which two meanings, in general, are especially prevalent. One is the means by which the knowledge of this world, the hereafter or the Trilok comes and the other meaning of ‘Lok’ is – the common people The word “folk” in the same sense is an adjective of literature, but it does not make clear the opinion of “folk” which is given to literature as an adjective. “
Definition of the word ‘folk’:
Expressing his views on the word ‘folk’, Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi wrote, “The word ‘folk’ does not mean ‘public position’ or ‘rural’, but the entire population in towns and villages whose practical knowledge is based on books or No scriptures! These people live a simpler and more natural life than the well-to-do, well-to-do, and cultured people of the town and produce the things needed to keep alive the overall luxury and elegance of the well-to-do. According to Krishnadev Upadhyaya, the definition of ‘Lok’ is as follows, “Those who are Sanskrit and Saadhan Living in its primitive state, out of the influence of the affluent. It’s called ‘Lok.’ ” And Drs. According to Satyendra, “In folklore, the word folk refers to a class of society which is far from the influence of aristocratic rites, classicalism and erudition and which lives in the flow of a tradition. The element that is found in the expression of such people is called democracy. ”
Separate powers of folk culture and folklore:
Observations of ancient Indian literature clearly show that two different streams of culture have flowed in this country since the Vedic period. (1) Civilized culture (2) Folk culture, civilized culture means in our opinion the culture of the aristocracy which reached the highest peak of intellectual development; Who was a pioneer and pioneer of the society due to his talent and whose source of culture was Vedas or Shastras. Folk culture means in our opinion a culture of the masses that drew its inspiration from the masses, whose homeland was the masses and whose presence was on the low ground of intellectual development. This distinction becomes clear if the Rig Veda and the Atharva Veda are studied meticulously. Pro. Commenting on the subject, Baldev Upadhyay wrote, “Folk culture is a supporter of civilized culture. Mutual cooperation is expected in both cultures for a complete introduction to the religious beliefs, rituals, and rituals of any country. In this sense, the Atharva Veda is a complement to the Rig Veda. Both of these codes are introductions to the form of two different cultures. The Atharva Veda introduces folk culture while the Rig Veda introduces civilized culture. The realm of Atharva Veda’s ideas is ordinary public life, while the Rig Veda is special public life. ” 5
Area of Folklore:
The field of folk literature is extremely wide. Ordinary human beings who sing, cry, laugh, play in words can all be included in folk literature. The sixteen sacraments recited by our ancient sages from birth to death are often sung on the occasion of all the sacraments; Thus it is customary to sing a song even on the occasion of the death of a very dear person. The effect of the changes that take place in nature at different seasons does not go unnoticed by the common man. Thus, the feeling of external exhilaration or joy is manifested in the form of ballads. Songs are also sung during sowing and harvesting in the fields. The people enjoy the heroic deeds of their former men by singing and praising them and communicating heroic interest in the hearts of the listeners.
General Introduction to Folklore
There was a time when human beings were all over the world Prakriti was a worshiper of Goddess and lived a natural life. His conduct and way of life at that time were simple, instinctive, and natural Jojo was far from artificial. He was a creature growing in the depths of spontaneity. All his actions – getting up, sitting, laughing, speaking – were natural. For the sake of a friend, literature was also created at that time to entertain the mind. The main virtues of the literature of this age were spontaneity, spontaneity, and simplicity. This literature was as natural as a flower blooming in the forest, as relaxed as a celestial bird, and as simple and sacred as the pure stream of the Ganges. Thus, we can say for ‘Lok’ and ‘Lok Sahitya’ that ‘Lok’ is a class of human society that is devoid of aristocratic rites, classical and scholarly consciousness as well as the ego of erudition. And which survives in the flow of a tradition. The element that is found in the expression of such people is democracy
Various folk arts:
Tribes have their own special place in terms of art. Indigenous peoples are more and more inspired by their own environment and geographical environment. Her art has been influenced by him. In the same way that the local environment has influenced art, geographical elements have also demarcated it. According to E. R. Leach, “the people of the tribe used art and art objects to make religious ceremonies, to decorate personal belongings, and to make monuments to the list of deceased ancestors (who were special).” The purpose of folk art is found to be both religious and secular. It is utilitarian and rhetorical, which means it is purely artistic. ” According to D.N